Experimental and Theoretical Performance Analysis of Emission and Combustion Characteristics of Diesel Engine using Bio Diesel as an Alternate Fuel
Saurabh Dayal1, Devendra Singh2, Ajay Kumar Sharma3

1Saurabh Dayal*, Department  Mechanical Engineering, Sachdeva Institute of Technology, Mathura, (Uttar Pradesh), India.
2Devendra Singh, Department Mechanical Engineering, Sachdeva Institute of Technology, Mathura, (Uttar Pradesh), India.
3Ajay Kumar Sharma, Department  Mechanical Engineering, Institute of Engineering & Technology, Lucknow, (Uttar Pradesh), India. 

Manuscript received on November 07, 2020. | Revised Manuscript received on November 20, 2020. | Manuscript published on December 10, 2021. | PP: 89-95 | Volume-10 Issue-2, December 2020 | Retrieval Number: 100.1/ijitee.B82741210220| DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.B8274.1210220
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)

Abstract: In this study the biodiesel derived from different vegetable oil esters (VOE) including Jatropha and Karanja is compared with diesel. The efficiency, emission and combustion properties of different VOE in single cylinder compression ignition engine were compared with Diesel. The main objective of our study is the theoretical and experimental comparison of the efficiency, emission and combustion properties of biodiesel using Jatropha and Karanja esters with diesel. Vegetable oil from Jatropha and Mahua was transesterified and used in a turbocharged engine water-cooled single-cylinder Diesel Engine attached to an ac induction motor with a current of 0 to 5kw. Brake thermal efficiency is decreased by around 1.4 percent for Jatropha, 2.0 percent for Karanja compared to Diesel. Brake specific fuel consumption improved by 0.2 percent for Jatropha and 3.4 percent for Karanja compared to Diesel. 
Keywords: Emission and Performance, Injection pressure, I.C. Engine.