Effect of Nano-additive on the Bonding Strength and Formaldehyde Emission of the Plywood Adhesive during Manufacturing of Wood Based Panel Products
S.C.Sahoo1, Amitava Sil2, Dharm Pal3

1S.C.Sahoo, Chemical, IPIRTI Field Station Kolkata, India.
2Amitava Sil, Mechanical, IPIRTI Field Station Kolkata, India.
3Dharm Pal, Chemical, NIT, Raipur, India.

Manuscript received on November 22, 2020. | Revised Manuscript received on December 05, 2020. | Manuscript published on December 10, 2021. | PP: 158-161 | Volume-10 Issue-2, December 2020 | Retrieval Number: 100.1/ijitee.B83061210220| DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.B8306.1210220
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)

Abstract: Nano science and nano technology provides numerous opportunities for enhancing the properties of wood based panel products. In this study an extender was made using nano silicon dioxide ( Sio2), nano calcium carbonate( CaCo3) with some specialty chemicals at a certain reciprocal proportion. Efficacy study was carried out with both phenolic and amino resin in terms of rheological and formaldehyde emission test using reinforcement of nano additive as extender at different concentration level. The plywood panels has been tested as per IS: 1734-1983 for mechanical properties. The rheological and adhesive properties has been tested as per IS 848: 2006. The test data reveals that enhancement of rheological, bonding and mechanical properties have been achieved after reinforcement of synthetic resin. The increase in the percentage of nano-additive caused an increase of viscosity, glue shear strength and minimizing the formaldehyde emission than using individual nano silicon dioxide ( Sio2), nano calcium carbonate( CaCO3) instead of the extender made by combination of above. Using nano additive extender at 5%, there is an increase in glue shear strength in the glue line and enhanced rheological properties in amino resin based adhesive was observed. 
Keywords: Composite wood products, Nanotechnology, Nano additives, Nano material-reinforced adhesives.