Effect of Bleomycin, Etoposide, and Cisplatin Treatment on Spermatogonia Cell and Malondialdehyde Level in Male Rats
Nur Budaya T1, Surya Putra T2, Daryanto Besut3, Anita Kenty W4
1Nur Budaya T, Department of Urology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Brawijaya, Malang, Indonesia.
2Surya Putra T., Department of Urology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Brawijaya, Malang, Indonesia.
3Daryanto Besut, Department of Urology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Brawijaya, Malang, Indonesia.
4Anita Kenti W, Department of Pathology Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Brawijaya, Malang, Indonesia.
Manuscript received on 11 January 2020 | Revised Manuscript received on 07 February 2020 | Manuscript Published on 20 February 2020 | PP: 293-297 | Volume-9 Issue-3S January 2020 | Retrieval Number: C10670193S20/2020©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.C1067.0193S20
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open-access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: Co-administration of bleomycin, etoposide, and cisplatin (BEP) becomes standart chemotherapy for testicular cancer because it has brought a cure rate of more than 90%. Impact of the treatment to the outcome become a concern, particularly the adverse effect on a long-term reproductive health risk to cancer survivors. There is no evidence, when the damage to the testes began due to the administration of BEP chemotherapy, makes the indication of treatment still controversial. The aim of this study is to determine the effects of BEP on Spermatogonial cell and MDA levels outcome in an animal model. Male wistar rats (Rattus norvegicus) aged 13-15 weekswere treated daily with BEP for three cycles, 33 hours each. It was divided into one control group received 1cc of normal saline, and three groups received three cycles of 0.5 x dose-levels of BEP (Intraperitoneally; 0.75 mg/kg, 7.5 mg/kg, and 1.5 mg/kg). Cell number of Spermatogonia cells were calculated from HE-stained specimens and observed under light microscope (Olympus BX-51) using 400x magnification (high power field) Thiobarbituric acid (TBA) test method used to measure malondialdehyde (MDA) level by spectrophotometry. The result was a significant decrease in the average number of Spermatogonia cells (p = 0.003) between the control group and others. This is caused by excessive exposure to BEP chemotherapy, which cause atrophy of the seminiferous tubules and content of germ cells in the tubules has decreased, accompanied by the appearance of immature germ cells that enter the lumen. A significant increase in MDA levels (p = 0.001) occurred after the administration of the third cycle of BEP chemotherapy. In conclusion, BEP chemotherapy adversely affect the number of Spermatogonia cells and MDA level. The third cycle BEP chemotherapy significantly more destructive compared to the first and second cycle.
Keywords: BEP Chemotherapy, Male Germ Cells, Malondialdehyde.
Scope of the Article: Bio-Science and Bio-Technology