Role of Computer and Automation in Design and Manufacturing for Mechanical and Textile Industries: CAD/CAM
Abhishek Dwivedi1, Avanish Dwivedi2

1Er. Abhishek Dwivedi, Assistant Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Integral University, Dasauli Kursi Road, Lucknow (Uttar Pradesh), India.
2Er. Avanish Dwivedi, Merchandiser, Bershka, ITX Trading SA Inditex, Dlf Building, Tower A, Phase, Gurugram (Haryana), India.
Manuscript received on 8 August 2013 | Revised Manuscript received on 18 August 2013 | Manuscript Published on 30 August 2013 | PP: 174-181 | Volume-3 Issue-3, August 2013 | Retrieval Number: C1082083313/13©BEIESP
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Abstract: Luckily, the times when we needed to explain why we need a COMPUTER & CAD are history. Manufacturing industry witnessed not only a tremendous modernisation in technology but also adoption of information technology & computer science in massive scale. Automobile and fashion designing companies face significant challenges to remain competitive in today’s industry, including supplying innovative collections at the right price, controlling margins, designing personalized garments, enhancing brand image, building customer loyalty and expanding business horizons. To unleash the creativity of the component designers, Computer Aided Design Technology and Automation is being used more and more in mechanical / textile industry (both in automatic and manual machines like power loom and handloom). Today, with the introduction of CAD and its many software capabilities, the possibilities are endless. These challenges can be faced by combining solutions such as CAD/CAM and 3D technologies with Internet tools to provide optimal solutions for meeting all requirements, from collection design to visual merchandising through production. Automation (CAD/CAM) involves all the processes of conceptualizing, designing, analysing, prototyping and actual manufacturing with Computer’s assistance. As Automation can be said as “A process without direct human activity in the process”, so this paper goes through the need & necessity of computer (CAD/CAM) in mechanical and textile industry & as a helping tool in both industries. In this paper, the detail information of CAD/CAM and effect of Automation is being presented. The functions, applications & the points above, parameters, necessary for new century are discussed.

Scope of the Article: Manufacturing Processes