Operation and Control of Micro Sources in Island Mode of a Microgrid
Murari Lal Azad1, Aizad Khursheed2, Shubhranshu Vikram Singh3

1Prof. Murari Lal Azad, Graduation and Post Graduation, and Doctorate Engineering, Reputed Universities, India.
2Mr. Aizad Khursheed, Graduation and Post Graduation Engineering, Jamia Millia Islamia (New Delhi), India.
3Mr. S. Vikram Singh, Graduation and Post Graduation Engineering, Reputed Universities, India.
Manuscript received on 14 August 2014 | Revised Manuscript received on 22 August 2014 | Manuscript Published on 30 August 2014 | PP: 42-44 | Volume-4 Issue-3, August 2014 | Retrieval Number: C1747084314/14©BEIESP
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)

Abstract: In the country like India where population is increasing at a rapid rate the electrical power demand has become a great problem. Unfortunately the conventional energy resources are limited, cause greenhouse emissions and are expected to increase in costs due to an increase in the demand. Recently, the new concept of MicroGrid has been emerging on distribution network for integration of micro generation in low voltage network and to increase the reliability of supply. A microgrid is a cluster of micro generators, loads, storage devices, control devices and a low voltage distribution network functioning in a coordinated manner. The microgrid can operate in two different modes: interconnected or emergency. In first mode the microgrid is connected with the conventional low voltage distribution network for importing or exporting electricity. In emergency mode the microgrid is isolated (islanded) with the help of control devices from the distribution network and uses local micro-generators, changing from power control to frequency control. Most of the micro sources installed in a microgrid cannot be connected directly to the electrical network therefore; power electronics interfaces (dc/ac or ac/dc/ac) are required. Thus, the inverter control is also a challenge for smooth and reliable operation of a smart microgrid. This paper describes microgrid operation in various modes and various control strategies adopted.
Keywords: Frequency Control, Islanded Operation, Micro Grid, Reliability, Voltage Control.

Scope of the Article: Operational Research