Influence of Mx-Trivex, A-Skew, Three Flat Threaded and Concave Shouldered Mx-Triflute Tool Pin Profiles on Tensile Properties and Fractural Behaviour of AA 6082-T6 Weldments during Friction Stir Welding
K. Vijaya Krishna Varma1, B. V. R Ravi Kumar2, M. Venkata Ramana3

1Mr. Kalidindi Vijaya Krishna Varma*, Pursuing his M. Tech (AMS) in VNR VJIET.
2Dr. B.V.R Ravi Kumar, Professor of Mechanical Engineering, VNR Vignana Jyothi Institute of Engineering and Technology, Hyderabad.
3Dr. M. Venkata Ramana, Professor of Automobile Engineering of VNR Vignana Jyothi Institute of Engineering and Technology, Hyderabad.
Manuscript received on January 15, 2020. | Revised Manuscript received on January 27, 2020. | Manuscript published on February 10, 2020. | PP: 1376-1384 | Volume-9 Issue-4, February 2020. | Retrieval Number: D1638029420/2020©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.D1638.029420
Open Access | Ethics and Policies | Cite | Mendeley
© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (

Abstract: Friction Stir Welding (FSW) is a topical and propitious solid-state joining process producing economical and strengthened joints of age-hardened and heat-treatable Aluminium Alloy AA 6082-T6. Mechanical and fractural behaviour of weldments were investigated in order to find crack initiation and necking on the weld zone thereby perceiving the complete behaviour of fracture occurred near the weld zone. Weldments are fabricated by employing four tool pin profiles namely MX-TRIVEX, A-SKEW, Three flat threaded and Concave shouldered MX-TRIFLUTE tools at various rotational speeds 1000 rpm, 1200 rpm and 1400 rpm at single traverse speed 25 mm/min. EXCETEX-EX-40 CNC wire cut EDM with 0.25 mm brass wire diameter has been employed to perform the extraction of tensile test specimens from the weldments according to ASTM E8M-04 standard. Tensile test was performed on elctro mechanically servo controlled TUE-C-200 (UTM machine) according to ASTM B557-16 standards Maximum Ultimate Tensile Strength (UTS) of 172.33 MPa (55.5% of base material) and 0.2% Yield Stress (YS) of 134.10 MPa (51.5% of base material) were obtained by using A-SKEW at 1400 rpm, 25 mm/min and maximum % Elongation (%El) of 11.33 (113.3% of base material) was obtained at MX-TRIVEX at 1000 rpm, 25 mm/min. Minimum UTS of 131.16 MPa (42.30% of base material) and 0.2% YS of 105.207 MPa (40.46% of base material )were obtained by using Concave shouldered MX-TRIFLUTE at 1400 rpm, 25 mm/min. Minimum % El of 5.42 ( 54.2% of base material) was obtained by using A-SKEW at 1000 rpm, 25 mm/min. 
Keywords: Friction Stir Welding, Fracture Behaviour, Fracture location, Tensile Properties
Scope of the Article: Welding Technology