Psychometric Properties of Revised Malaysian Bullying Questionnaire (R-MBQ)
Vikneswaran Sabramani1, Halim Ismail2, Idayu Badilla Idris3, Mohammad Rahim Kamaluddin4, Balan Rathakrishna5, Mohammad Amin Wani6

1Vikneswaran Sabramani, Department of Health Accounts, Planning Division, Ministry of Health Malaysia.
2Halim Ismail, Department of Community Health, Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Kebangsaan, Malaysia.
3Idayu Badilla Idris, Department of Community Health, Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Kebangsaan, Malaysia.
4Dr. Mohammad Rahim Kamaluddin, Senior Lecturer, Department of Social Sciences & Social Humanities, National University of Malaysia.
5Dr. Balan Rathakrishna Associate Professor, Department of Psychology and Education, University Malaysia Sabah, Malaysia.
6Dr. Mohammad Amin Wani, Assistant Professor Department of Psychology Lovely Professional University, Pagwara India

Manuscript received on 01 May 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 15 May 2019 | Manuscript published on 30 May 2019 | PP: 3049-3055 | Volume-8 Issue-7, May 2019 | Retrieval Number: F4062048619/19©BEIESP
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Abstract: Bully is considered as a serious health problem which has high potential to trigger physical and psychosocial dysfunctions among victims including serious depressive symptoms and stress. In general, bullying is defined as a set of aggressive behaviour, systematic abuse of power as well as a form of peer abuse. Currently, the incidence of bullying is widespread in Malaysia and the current research was aimed to revise and validate the Malaysian Bullying Questionnaire (R-MBQ) for the purpose of local use. This study was achieved by employing subjective and objective validation methods. The present study commenced with subjective validation methods namely content and faces validity tests. Later, the objective validity of this measure was achieved by employing a cross sectional study among 170 random sample of Malaysian National Secondary School students. The data was analysed and examined using Exploratory Factor Analyses while the internal consistency was ascertained through Cronbach’s Alpha method. The findings showed that R-MBQ has two factors namely perpetrator and victim domains. The perpetrator domain shows the items are within the acceptable factor loading range of 0.46 and 0.57. Meanwhile, the victim domain comprised of items with factor loading from between 0.52 to 0.74. The Cronbach’s alpha coefficients were within good range: Perpetrator Domain (α = 0.81) and Victim Domain (α = 0.78). The results of the validation study suggested that the R-MBQ is reliable and serves as a valid tool for assessing the bullying involvement among Malaysian adolescents. This validated tool is expected to be utilized as a screening instrument for proactive preventive steps for bully among Malaysian students.
Keyword: Adolescents, Bully, Public Health, Reliability, Validity.
Scope of the Article: Healthcare Informatics