Assessment of Quality of river water in the state of Odisha-A case study of the Rivers Kuakhai, Daya and Bramhani
Avijit Majumder1, BijayaBhusan Nanda2, Abhaya Kumar Naik3, SatyaN Misra4

1Avijit Majumder, Research Scholar, Kalinga Institute of Industrial Technology, Bhubaneswar, India.

2Bijaya Bhusan Nanda, Joint Director Statistics, Southern Range, Berhampore, Directorate of Economics and Statistics, Govt. of Odisha, India.

3Abhaya Kumar Naik, Registrar, National Institute of Science Education and Research, Bhubaneswar, India.

4SatyaN Misra, Dean, School of Management, Kalinga Institute of Industrial Technology, Bhubaneswar, India.

Manuscript received on 15 May 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 22 May 2019 | Manuscript Published on 08 June 2019 | PP: 83-87 | Volume-8 Issue-7C May 2019 | Retrieval Number: G10140587C19/19©BEIESP

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Abstract: Among the many pitfalls associated with heightened Urbanization and Industrialization, degradation of quality of river water is a prominent one. The level of urbanization world over is on the rise as more than half (54.83%) are residing in the urban areas (The World Bank Group, 2019). Most of the world’s major urban centres have come up in and around some river basin. Urban areas world over depend on the river basins to meet with the water requirements for their households, industrial activities and maintain the hydrological cycle. In India discharge of untreated sewerage is the leading cause of pollution of the rivers and other water bodies (Kala S. Sridhar, 2013). Bhubaneswar and Rourkela are two leading urban centres in the state of Odisha which are situated along the banks of rivers Kuakhai, Daya and Bramhani respectively. The steep rise of population and economic activities in the two cities have catapulted the generation of households and Industrial waste which are being discharged into the rivers resulting into sharp deterioration in the water quality. Biological Oxygen Demand (BOD) and Total Coliform (TC) are two prominent indicators whose level determines the level of contamination of water. This study attempts to study the trend of these two indicators in the rivers of Kuakhai, Daya and Bramhani.

Keywords: Urbanization, River Basins, Untreated Sewage, Water Quality, BOD, TC.
Scope of the Article: Information Ecology and Knowledge Management