Protection Degree from Forest Fires at the Mountainous Forests of Greece
Nikolaos Karatzidis1, Vasileios C. Drosos2, Kosmas Aristotelis Doucas3, Vasileios Giannoulas4

1Dr. Nikolaos Karatzidis, Forest Enterprise of Florina Municipality, Florina Greece.
2Assoc. Pr. Vasileios C. Drosos, Department of Forestry and Management Environment and Natural Resources, Democritus University, Thrace, Orestiada Greece.
3Prof. Kosmas Aristotelis Doucas, Department of Forestry and Natural Environment , Aristotle University, Thessaloniki Greece.
4Assist. Prof. Vasileios Giannoulas, Department of Forestry and Natural Environment, Aristotle University, Thessaloniki Greece.
Manuscript received on 10 December 2014 | Revised Manuscript received on 20 December 2014 | Manuscript Published on 30 December 2014 | PP: 20-24 | Volume-4 Issue-7, December 2014 | Retrieval Number: G1880124714/14©BEIESP
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Abstract: Forest fires are an ancient phenomenon. Appear, however, with devastating frequency and intensity over the last 30 years. In our country, the climatic conditions in combination with the intense relief, favor their rapid spread. Considering the fact that environmental conditions provided for decades even worse (increased temperature, drought and vegetation), then the problem of forest fires in our country, is expected to become more intense. This paper aims to focus on developing an optimization model for the opening up of the forest mountainous areas taking into account the prevention and suppression of forest fires. Research areas are the mountainous forest complex of W. Nestos of Drama Prefecture, the university forest of Taxiarchis – Vrastama of Chalkidiki Prefecture and the forest complex of Lailias of Serres Prefecture. The percentage of forest protection area can be reached by fire hose is examined under the light whether the total hose length corresponds to the actual operational capacity to reach a fire source. The most important forest technical infrastructures to prevent fire are road networks (opening up) for fire protection and buffer zones. Patrols of small and agile van 4×4 appropriately equipped (hose length of 500 meters and putting pressure on uphill to 300 meters) for the first attack of the fire in the summer months coupled with early warning of fire lookout stations adequately cover the forest protection of the mountainous forest areas.
Keywords: GIS, Opening Up, Protection, Wild Fires.

Scope of the Article: Forest Genomics and Informatics