Energy-Efficient Routing Protocol Based on Mobile Sink Node in Wireless Sensor Networks
Amairullah Khan Lodhi1, M. S. S. Rukmini2, Syed Abdulsattar3

1Amairullah Khan Lodhi, Research Scholar, Department of ECE, Vignan’s Foundation for Science, Technology, & Research (Deemed to Be University), Vadlamudi, Guntur (Andhra Pradesh), India.
2M.S.S. Rukmini, Department of ECE, Vignan’s Foundation for Science, Technology, & Research (Deemed to Be University), Vadlamudi, Guntur (Andhra Pradesh), India. 
3Syed Abdulsattar, Principal & Professor, Department of ECE, Nawab Shah Alam Khan College of Engineering & Technology, New Malakpet, Hyderabad, (Telangana), India.

Manuscript received on 01 May 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 15 May 2019 | Manuscript published on 30 May 2019 | PP: 1788-1792 | Volume-8 Issue-7, May 2019 | Retrieval Number: G5316058719/19©BEIESP
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Abstract: Wireless Networks Be comprise of spatially spread independent sensor node linked with each other for maintaining and detecting the environmental as well as physical states of the given application. The batteries of these sensor nodes are outfitted with limited energy to work as a source of energy. Hence, efficient energy utilization is a significant challenge in these types of networks, which are equipped with batteries having limited power storage capacities. Thus, routing techniques with energy efficiency are needed in corporate operations of WSN to provide the connectivity and data transmission in a network with minimum energy consumption. So, routing protocols are one of the key considerable factors to minimize the consumption of energy and lifetime elaboration of the network. Thus, this work gives the development of routing protocol with efficient energy to elaborate systems lifetime by selecting a proper route with the consideration of “reactively the status of an intermediate node”. Proposed protocol “reactively the status of an intermediate node” computes the route finding metric based on current energy condition of an intermediate node. To offer a complete understanding of energy-aware routing, protocols are developed for WSN and superimpose the path for forthcoming investigation; in this paper, the feat of “energy-aware routing protocol based on residual status” is analyzed in detail. Based on performance parameters analyzed such as delivery of the packet, the lifetime of the network, and delay (end to end); through NS2 simulator, the result shows proposed system performs better than the present protocols in terms of systems lifetime as well as other metrics considered.
Keyword: Efficient Energy, WSN, Route Discovery Time, Delay, Packet Loss.
Scope of the Article: Network Protocols & Wireless Networks.