The Effect of Metabolites Echinococcus Granulosus On the Amino Acid Composition of The Cattle Slaughter Products
Andrey Georgievich Koshchaev1, Tatyana Andreevna Inyukina2, Nino Nodarievna Guguchvili3, Alexander Vitalyevich Uspensky4, Sergey Vasilievich Larionov5, Fedor Ivanovich Vasilevich6, Sergey Vladimirovich Engashev7
1Andrey Georgievich Koshchaev, Kuban State Agrarian University, Krasnodar, Russia.
2Tatyana Andreevna Inyukina, Kuban State Agrarian University, Krasnodar, Russia.
3Nino Nodarievna Guguchvili, Kuban State Agrarian University, Krasnodar, Russia.
4Alexander Vitalyevich Uspensky, K. I. Scriabin All-Russian Research Institute of Fundamental and Applied Parasitology of Animals and Plants, Moscow, Russia.
5Sergey Vasilievich Larionov, Saratov State Agrarian University named after N.I. Vavilov, Saratov, Russia.
6Fedor Ivanovich Vasilevich, Moscow state Academy of Veterinary Medicine and Biotechnology – MVA by K.I. Skryabin, Moscow, Russia.
7Sergey Vladimirovich Engashev, Nizhny Novgorod State Agricultural Academy, Nizhny Novgorod, Russia.
Manuscript received on 05 May 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 12 May 2019 | Manuscript published on 30 May 2019 | PP: 589-596 | Volume-8 Issue-7, May 2019 | Retrieval Number: G5440058719/19©BEIESP
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: The studies have shown that with the increase in the degree of cattle infestation with Echinococci, a decreased concentration of bound amino acids is observed in the organs and tissues, especially in the affected organs (liver, lungs), which is evidence of their decomposition to free amino acids. The diversity of their concentrations in various organs and tissues has been established, which is related to the functional peculiarities of the organs. When comparing the total concentration of bound amino acids in the cattle strongly invaded with Echinococci with that in clinically healthy animals, it has been found that its concentration decreased 1.5 times in the liver and in the rib eye, 1.3 times — in the lung tissues and in the spleen, and 1.2 times — in the heart muscle and in the tissues of the kidneys. With a strong degree of infestation, the total concentration of bound amino acids in all organs and tissues was 1.5 times lower than in clinically healthy animals. It should be noted that in the case of echinococcosis, the following related amino acids were not registered in cattle: in the heart muscle — lysine, in the liver and lungs — lysine and tyrosine; and in the tissues of the liver of clinically healthy animals — bound amino acid lysine in the liver tissues, and lysine and tyrosine — in the lung tissues. Decreased concentration of bound amino acids in the case of echinococcosis is evidence of the destructive processes in the organs and tissues of the animals, which results in deterioration of the quality and safety of animal slaughter products.
Keyword: Cattle, Echinococcosis, Bound Amino Acids, Slaughter Products, Safety, Organs, Tissues
Scope of the Article: Bioinformatics