A Design of Smart Emergency Call System for Elderly Drivers
Myeon-Gyun Cho

Myeon-Gyun Cho, School of Information and Communication, Semyung University, Jecheon, Republic of Korea, East Asian.

Manuscript received on 10 June 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 17 June 2019 | Manuscript Published on 22 June 2019 | PP: 882-888 | Volume-8 Issue-8S2 June 2019 | Retrieval Number: H11490688S219/19©BEIESP

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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open-access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)

Abstract: With the transition to a rapidly aging society, the number of elderly drivers suffering from chronic diseases has also increased. Because of this, the sudden health deterioration of elderly people has caused a great increase in traffic accident rate, which is becoming a social problem. Therefore, in this paper, we propose a Smart Emergency Call System that automatically detects sudden health deterioration and collision situations considering the characteristics of elderly drivers, notifies emergency situations to nearby vehicles according to their severity. In order to judge the effectiveness of the proposed system, we implemented a prototype in which a crash sensor and a warning reaction device were installed on the Arduino-based RC-car, and the wearable biosensor and smartphone application(App.) for the driver which interacts with each other. Through the prototype of the emergency response system, we show that a low-cost practical emergency call system can be implemented efficiently by performing emergency report and warning in accordance with the severity of the injury of an aged driver in a traffic accident. In addition, through the proposed pattern of the flashing for the emergency light, it is possible to induce emergency relief by effectively informing the surrounding vehicles of the emergency situation of the aged driver. In the future, if the proposed Smart Emergency Call System is widely distributed to older drivers, rapid and effective emergency relief will be provided to prevent secondary traffic accidents, thereby protecting the lives of others as well as their own.

Keywords: Car Accident, Emergency Rescue Service, Emergency Call, Elderly-oriented Service, Smart-phone Application, Test Prototype.
Scope of the Article: IoT Application and Communication Protocol