Solid-State Hydrogen Storage Within a Proton Battery and Its Performance Analysis with Different Catalyst Loadings
Himanshu Jindal1, Amandeep Singh Oberoi2, Inderjeet Singh Sandhu3, Mansi Chitkara4
1Himanshu Jindal, Chitkara University Institute of Engineering and Technology, Chitkara University, Punjab, India.
2Amandeep Singh Oberoi, Mechanical Engineering Department, Thapar Institute of Engineering and Technology, Patiala, Punjab-147004, India.
3Inderjeet Singh Sandhu, Chitkara University Institute of Engineering and Technology, Chitkara University, Punjab, India.
4Mansi Chitkara, Chitkara University Institute of Engineering and Technology, Chitkara University, Punjab, India.
Manuscript received on 28 June 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 05 July 2019 | Manuscript published on 30 July 2019 | PP: 636-643 | Volume-8 Issue-9, July 2019 | Retrieval Number: I7613078919/19©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.I7613.078919
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: Hydrogen has already been identified as a potential candidate capable of replacing fossil fuels because of its immense energy content compared to conventional fuels. However, finding the safe, efficient generation and storage of hydrogen is a challenge. The present paper reports on hydrogen generation and its subsequent adsorption-desorption process in a proton battery with varied catalyst loading. The method of porous carbon electrode fabrication and experimentation is disclosed. The scanning electron microscopy (SEM) is employed to determine morphology characteristics of the fabricated electrodes that are integrated in a proton battery to study the process of hydrogen adsorption and desorption under the influence of varied catalytic loading. The comparison between catalytic loading of 1 mg/cm2 and 2 mg/cm2 is analysed and reported. The hydrogen storage capacity of activated carbon electrode employed in a proton battery is obtained to be in the range of 0.4 to 0.5 wt. %. The obtained result proves the technical feasibility of a hydrogen generation and its subsequent adsorption in an ionic form within a proton battery. The obtained results contribute towards finding a sustainable alternative solution to fossil-based fuels for the global energy demand.
Keywords: Hydrogen Storage, Proton Battery, Activated Carbon, Prosopis Juliflora, Membrane Electrode Assembly
Scope of the Article: Solid Mechanics