Surveying and Appraising the Impact of Oil Production Activities on Ogoniland, Niger-Delta
M. A. Modibbo1, A. Aliyu2, N. I. Medugu3, I. A. Macjoe4

1M.A. Modibbo, Department of Surveying and Geoinformatics, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University, Bauchi Nigeria.
2A.Aliyu, Department of Surveying and Geoinformatics, Modibbo Adama University of Technology, Yola Nigeria.
3N.I. Medugu, Department of Geography, Nasarawa State University, Keffi Nigeria.
4I.A. Macjoe, Department of Geography, Nasarawa State University, Keffi Nigeria.
Manuscript received on 17 October 2014 | Revised Manuscript received on 24 October 2014 | Manuscript Published on 30 October 2014 | PP: 25-28 | Volume-4 Issue-5, October 2014 | Retrieval Number: J15260331014/14©BEIESP
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Abstract: Crude oil exploration areas in Nigeria is found predominantly in marine environment of coastal areas which are fragile, vulnerable and complex containing critical habitat as well as valuable resources of great socio economic significance. Oil spill activities are endemic mostly in the Niger Delta Region of Nigeria; this is because of the oil production activities take place in the area and intense environmental degradation. Thus, this paper aimed at appraising the impact of oil production activities on the environment of Ogoniland and also examines the socioeconomic impact on the people. A stratified random sampling technique method was adopted for precision of the sample and a total number of 120 respondents were selected from the area of study and questionnaires were administered among them. The data collected were analyzed using simple descriptive statistics which include the use of frequencies and percentages. The findings of this paper revealed that the externalities of oil production have resulted in profound adverse impacts on traditional lifestyles and livelihood patterns in the study area where unchecked oil exploration and exploitation had taken place for the past forty years. Therefore, this paper suggests the use of abatement procedures and environmentally sound and cleaner technologies for oil exploration and exploitation in order to mitigate/minimize these negative impacts and enhance the positive impacts to achieve a sustainable healthy environment.
Keywords: Exploitation, Exploration, Environmental Pollution, Niger-Delta and Ogoniland.

Scope of the Article: Production