Image Processing Concepts for Brain Tumor MRI Image Classification
Shruthi G.1, Ayesha A.2

1Shruthi G.*, Assistant professor, Information Science and Engineering, Ramaiah Institute of Technology, Bangalore, India.
2Ayesha A., Information Science and Engineering, Ramaiah Institute of Technology, Bangalore, India.
Manuscript received on July 14, 2020. | Revised Manuscript received on July 25, 2020. | Manuscript published on August 10, 2020. | PP: 86-92 | Volume-9 Issue-10, August 2020 | Retrieval Number: 100.1/ijitee.J74190891020 | DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.J7419.0891020
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Abstract: The current generation is witnessing a radical change in technology with the rise of artificial intelligence. The application of artificial intelligence on different domain indicates the widespread involvement of this technology in the years to come. One such application is on medical image classification such as brain tumor classification. The process of medical image classification involves techniques from the image processing domain to process set of MRI image data in order to extract prominent feature that eases the classification process. The classifier model learns the MRI image data to predict the occurrence of the tumor cells. The objective of this paper is to provide knowledge pertaining to various approaches implemented in the field of machine learning applied to medical image classification as preparation of the MRI dataset to a standard form is the key for developing classifier model. the paper focus to analyses different types of preprocessing methods, image segmentation, and feature extraction methodologies and inscribes to points out the astute observation for each of techniques present in image processing methodologies. As predicting tumor cells is a challenging task because of its unpredictable shape. Hence emulating an appropriate methodology to improve the accuracy and efficiency is important as it aids in constructing a classifier model that can accelerate the process of prediction and classification for the brain tumor MRI imagery. 
Keywords: Brain tumor, Image processing, Image segmentation, Preprocessing methods, Feature extraction methods, GLCM, PCA.