Wireless Power Transfer Through Inductive Coupling For Aimds
Deepali A. Newaskar1, B. P. Patil2
1Deepali A. Newaskar*, Research Scholar, Sinhgad College of Engineering, Vadgaon, Pune. Asst. Professor, Department of E&Tc, RMD Sinhgad School of Engg, Pune, India.
2B. P. Patil, Principal, Army Institute of Technology, Pune, India.
Manuscript received on 08 September 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on 22 September 2019. | Manuscript published on 30 September 2019. | PP: 138-141 | Volume-8 Issue-11, September 2019. | Retrieval Number: K12580981119/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.K1258.0981119
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: For the patients with some cardiovascular diseases, implantable devices like implantable cardiac pacemakers and implantable cardioverter defibrillators play a very important role. The life of implantable device is limited by the life of battery and the size of implanted device is dependent on size of battery. More life of battery demands larger battery size. Since these devices are implanted inside the human body, they must be small in size as well as of long battery life. Wireless re-charging of such devices can only be the solution to reduce the size and increase life of AIMDs. Wireless recharging by magnetic resonance coupling in less time is expected and hence this topic is considered for more research to have uninterrupted power supply from battery. Selection of operating frequency for transfer of power wirelessly is of great concern as it requires attention towards certain guidelines as basic restrictions provided by International Commission on non-ionizing Radiation Protection (ICNIRP). With lower frequencies used for power transfer, the efficiency would be less whereas with higher frequencies efficiency would be higher but with the use of higher frequencies for power transfer certain biological issues needs attention like tissue heating. In the technique of wireless power transfer, the transmitting coil is assumed to be outside the body and receiver coil is considered to be inside the human body above the pacemaker shell. The efficiency of power transfer is affected by frequency for power transfer and distance between the two coils.
Keywords: Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillators, Implantable Cardiac Pacemakers, Operational Frequeny, Wireless Charging, Wireless Power Transfer.
Scope of the Article: