Routing Protocols in Wireless Sensor Networks a Survey
Stalin Babu G1, Santosh Raju D2
1Stalin Babu G, Assistant Professor, Department of CSE, Aditya Institute of Technology and Management, Tekkali (A.P), India.
2Santosh Raju D, Sr. Assistant Professor, Department of CSE, Aditya Institute of Technology and Management, Tekkali (A.P), India.
Manuscript received on 10 May 2014 | Revised Manuscript received on 20 May 2014 | Manuscript Published on 30 May 2014 | PP: 1-3 | Volume-3 Issue-12, May 2014 | Retrieval Number: L16250531214/14©BEIESP
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) contains hundreds or thousands of sensor nodes with great capabilities like sensing, computation, wireless communications and these sensors have the ability to communicate either among each other or directly to an external Base Station. These Sensor nodes will collect information and also plays an important role of a Router by communicating through wireless channels. WSN ismainly intended for gathering and sensing information in remote locations (required). Design Goal of WSN is to 1) Transmit data 2) Increase Network Life Time by employing Energy Efficient Routing Protocols. Wireless networks are constrained by energy, storage capacity, and power. To increase the lifetime of networks, It is must to consider energy awareness. If we analyze routing protocols, these are in charge of discovering and maintaining the routes in the network. However, the appropriateness of a particular routing protocol mainly depends on the capabilities of the sensor nodes and on the application requirements. This paper presents a review of the main routing protocols proposed for wireless sensor networks.
Keywords: Wireless Sensor Networks, Classification of Routing Protocols, Routing Protocols.
Scope of the Article: Network Protocols & Wireless Networks