Development, Fabrication and Evaluation of Semi-Automatic Field Crop Transplanter
Nasir Salim Hassen1, Nadir Flayh Ali Almubarak2

1Nasir Salim Hassen*, Agricultural Machinery, Basic Sciences, College of Agriculture, University of Diyala, Baqubah, Iraq.
2Nadir Flayh Ali Almubarak, Department of Field Crop Sciences, College of Agriculture, University of Diyala, Baqubah, Iraq. 

Manuscript received on September 16, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on 24 September, 2019. | Manuscript published on October 10, 2019. | PP: 4595-9598 | Volume-8 Issue-12, October 2019. | Retrieval Number: L34571081219/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.L3457.1081219
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Abstract: Increase the area allocated for field crops cultivation requires moving from manual agriculture to mechanical farming. The aim of this study is development, fabrication and evaluation semi-automatic field crop transplanter. Performance evaluation of the transplanter was carried out for transplanting of 20-25, 25-30, and 30-35 cm corn seedlings at three forward speed levels of 0.3, 0.4 and 0.5 km h-1 under actual field conditions in terms of plant spacing, planting depth, and missing plant index. The transplanter precisely plants seedlings into ground. The effect of seedling height on the planting depth was found to be significant. In addition, plant missing percentage increased with increasing of forward speed.
Keywords: Transplanter, Forward Speed, Semi-Automatic, Corn, Plug Seedlings.
Scope of the Article: Bio-Science and Bio-Technology