Infrared with Visual Image Fusion Based on Two-Scale Decomposition and Sturdy Guided Filtering Technique
1M.Santhalakshmi, Ph.D Research Scholar, Department of Computer Science, Erode Arts and Science College, Erode-638 009, Tamil Nadu, India.
2Dr.S.Sukumaran, Associate Professor in Computer Science, Erode Arts and Science College, Erode-638 009, Tamil Nadu, India.
Manuscript received on September 16, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on 24 September, 2019. | Manuscript published on October 10, 2019. | PP: 5353-5359 | Volume-8 Issue-12, October 2019. | Retrieval Number: L39661081219/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.L3966.1081219
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: Several Infrared (IR) and Visual (VIS) image fusion techniques have been widely used to acquire a novel image which may characterize the image accurately, completely and reliably. This process can serve an essential part in image processing applications. In this article, an enhanced IR and VIS image fusion technique is proposed by Two-Scale Decomposition (TSD) and Sturdy Guided Filtering (SGF) together to further increase the robustness of fusion process. Initially, IR and VIS images are decomposed for creating the base and detail layers. Then, Phase Congruency (PC) and Sum Modified Laplacian(SML) are applied to get saliency maps of base and detail layers, respectively. Also, Iteratively Reweighted Least Squares (IRLS) algorithm with GF, namely SGF is included instead of GF method in an efficient manner to properly smooth the weighting maps by preserving the depth edges that correspond to weak color edges and small structures. In this SGF technique, Enhanced Preconditioned Conjugate Gradient (EPCG) method is applied to optimize the RLS iteratively and select the conjugate paths for each iteration efficiently. This SGF can achieve high convergence rate and handle the structure inconsistency while properly preserving the edges. Experimental outcomes exhibit that the proposed TSD-PS-SGF based image fusion technique has higher performance over state-of-the-art techniques in terms of image feature-based, information theory-based and image structure-based metrics.
Keywords: Image Fusion, Two-scale Decomposition, Guided Filter, Phase Congruency, Sum Modified Laplacian, Enhanced Preconditioned Conjugate Gradient
Scope of the Article: Image Processing and Pattern Recognition