Inter and Intra-Cluster Networks Signal Coverage Impact and its Importance for Migration of 3G to 4G Network among Tourism Lake Tana in Bahir Dar -Ethiopia
Pushparaghavan Annamalai1, Fekadu Mihret2, Solomon Lule3, Mesfin Mulu4, Malmurugan Nagarajan5
1Dr. Pushparaghavan Annamalai, Professor, Faculty of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Bahir Institute of Technology, Bahir Dar University, Ethiopia.
2Mr. Fekadu Mihret, Lecturer, Faculty of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Bahir Institute of Technology, Bahir Dar University, Ethiopia.
3Mr. Solomon Lule, Lecturer, Faculty of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Bahir Institute of Technology, Bahir Dar University, Ethiopia.
4Mr. Mesfin Mulu, Lecturer, Department of Statistics, Bahir Institute of Technology, Bahir Dar University, Ethiopia.
5Dr. Malmurugan Nagarajan, Professor, Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, Mahendra College of Engineering, Salem, India.
Manuscript received on 11 January 2020 | Revised Manuscript received on 07 February 2020 | Manuscript Published on 20 February 2020 | PP: 334-345 | Volume-9 Issue-3S January 2020 | Retrieval Number: C10080193S20/2020©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.C1008.0193S20
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open-access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: Tourism is one of the leading economic sources for several countries compared to modern IT industries growth. Ethiopia is one of the leading cultural and tourism revenue-based country, and having huge tourism hot spots for national and international tourist visitors. Specifically, in the Amhara national regional state capital, Bahir Dar, Lake Tana (origin of Blue Nile River) has been very well known to national and international tourists. However, the Lake Tana Basin is still unable to provide sufficient high bandwidth and good signal reception though 3G wireless mobile technology service is deployed. Bandwidth constraint and weak signal strength is creating problems for the society residing and for visitors inand- around many islands of Lake Tana geographical areas. The research work carried out the study for 3G wireless mobile radio access and microwave transmission path link performance in the city and around Lake Tana Basin. Out of two phases of research works, in this paper, we focus the first phase and partly second phase research results for both Inter and Intra- Cluster 3G Network in complete manner. Hence, we analyzed various measures like coverage signal power conditions, various BTSs antenna sizes, geographical mapping issues and other supporting performance parameters. All importance analytical performance study and measures for two major cluster networks both inter and intra-cluster 3G Networks which are geographically located edging curve in and around Lake Tana Basin. Ultimately, complete analysis and results are supported as prime study for Ethiopian Telecommunication Corporation (ETC) technical support before expanding / migrating to 4G from 3G WCDMA network on Lake Tana Basin and also enhance the culture and tourism cost trade -off for both Amhara region of Ethiopia and national wide Ethiopia.
Keywords: 3G WCDMA, Free Space Path Link (FSPL) Loss, Microwave Access, Radio Access, Receive Power (PRx), Signal Coverage, Transmit Power (PTx).
Scope of the Article: Ubiquitous Networks