Hardened Behavior of Fly Ash Incorporated Concrete with Bottom Ash (FACB) as Partial Replacement of Fine Aggregate
Lomesh Mahajan1, Sariputt Bhagat2

1Lomesh Mahajan*, Department of Civil Engineering, RCPIT Shirpur affiliated to Dr. Babasaheb Technological University, Lonere, India.
2Sariputt Bhagat, Department of Civil Engineering, Dr. Babasaheb Technological University, Lonere, India
Manuscript received on January 10, 2020. | Revised Manuscript received on January 22, 2020. | Manuscript published on February 10, 2020. | PP: 2898-2907 | Volume-9 Issue-4, February 2020. | Retrieval Number: D1909029420/2020©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.D1909.029420
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)

Abstract: The utilization of thermal power plant waste ashes (fly ash and bottom ash) in concrete as partial replacement of cement and sand could be an important step toward development of sustainable, user-friendly and economical infrastructure. For this purpose, different concrete mixes were considered at constant binder content of 300kg/m3 and differ water-to-binder ratio (w / (c + f) mainly as 0.5 , 0.55 and 0.6. Also six wide range of fly ash replacement levels (f/c ratio) namely 0, 0.11, 0.25, 0.43, 0.67 and 1.0 were introduced in the experimental scheme. The 3-days to 180 days compressive strengths of FACB was measured at interval of 3, 7, 28, 56 and 90 days. This study also presents a relationship between the ratios of split tensile (ft) strength to compressive strength (fc). It is applicable to lean concrete having consideration of curing period at early age (3day) to long term (180days). The results of this investigation are principally important, because the comprehensive information on the dependability of the relationships has not been available for (w/c+f) and bottom ash combination. The investigational results of this work are indicated that waste-Bottom ash with the regular sizes can be used successfully as a fine aggregate in fly ash concrete (FAC). The Study also reflected in finding constant “k” by ACI code equation for fly ash and bottom ash mix concrete. It has obtained between 0.337 – 0.504. This could be useful in finding splitting tensile strength when concrete carrying fly ash and bottom ash. 
Keywords: Fly ash, Bottom Ash, Lean Concrete, Split Tensile, Compressive Strength, Fine Aggregate.
Scope of the Article: Concrete Engineering