Sedimentation Analysis and Remedial Measures for Upper Lake Bhopal using Remote Sensing and GIS
Bikram Prasad1, H.L Tiwari2

1Bikram Prasad, Research Scholar, Department of Civil Engineering, Maulana Azad National Institute of Technology, Bhopal (M.P), India.
2H.L Tiwari, Faculty, Department of Civil Engineering, Maulana Azad National Institute of Technology, Bhopal (M.P), India.
Manuscript received on 07 March 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 20 March 2019 | Manuscript published on 30 March 2019 | PP: 1008-1013 | Volume-8 Issue-5, March 2019 | Retrieval Number: D2615028419/19©BEIESP
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Abstract: Our Country has a large range of water resources like lakes, wetlands, coastal lagoons and reservoirs. Upper Lake Bhopal is one of significant wellspring of drinking water for the residents of the city, serves 40% of the residents with nearly 30 million imperial gallons (140,000 m 3 ) of water per dayIt also plays a very important role in history and culture of the population of Bhopal. In the present study sedimentation in lake for the year 2014-17 has been described. In this paper LISS III image of IRS 1C, 1D having Path 97 and Row 55 with 30% shift has been used. From the analysis it was observed that Upper Lake of Bhopal lost its gross storage capacity from 101.6 MCM to 75.72 MCM i.e. 25.88 MCM which is 25.47%. The revised capacity curve developed in the analysis may be used for lake operation and allocation of water for different uses. Considering the uniform loss in the storages, it can be concluded that 0.58 Mm3 of storage of Upper Lake have been lost each year with average rate of 0.17 Mm3 /100 km2 / year. Some remedial measures like protection of fringe area, creation of buffer zone, removal of silt and weeds at regular interval and prohibition of sewage disposal and idol immersion have been suggested.
Keyword: Fringe Area, Gross Storage Capacity, Lake Operation and Remedial Measures.
Scope of the Article: Structural Reliability Analysis