Analog Beamforming in Millimeter Wave MIMO Systems
K. Kalyani

K. Kalyani, Department of ECE, G. Narayanamma Institute of Technology and Sciences, India.

Manuscript received on May 16, 2020. | Revised Manuscript received on May 21, 2020. | Manuscript published on June 10, 2020. | PP: 729-736 | Volume-9 Issue-8, June 2020. | Retrieval Number: H6752069820/2020©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.H6752.069820
Open Access | Ethics and Policies | Cite | Mendeley
© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (

Abstract: IIn traditional analog beamforming schemes, like the beam selection method, use the strongest path array steering vector of the channel to generate a beam pointing to the user. In multi-user systems, such schemes will result in the large interference among the users, especially when the users are closely located. In this paper, we designed an analog beamforming scheme for downlink mm-wave multi-user systems to enhance the beamforming gain and suppress the inter-user interference at the same time. A multi-objective problem is developed to beat a balance between the inter-user interference and the beamforming gain. To solve the problem, we firstly use the weighted-sum method and then 𝜺 -constraint method to transform the multi-objective problem into a single-objective problem. Then, the analog beamforming is made tractable with the constant-magnitude constraints with the use of semidefinite programing technique. Adding to these, the robust beamforming is designed to mitigate the effects of the channel estimation and to provide the robustness against the imperfect channel information. The simulation results shows that the 𝜺 -constraint method outperforms when compared with the weighted-sum method at high SNR’s for the robust multi-user analog beamforming. 
Keywords: MM-waves, Multi-user, Analog beam forming, Robust , Multi-objective.
Scope of the Article: MIMO Antenna