Dual Band Minkowski Fractal Antenna for Maritime Radio Navigation Services
Ashwini Kumar1, Amar Partap Singh Pharwaha2

1Ashwini Kumar, Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, Sant Longowal Institute of Engineering and Technology, Longowal, Sangrur, Punjab, India.
2Amar Partap Singh Pharwaha, Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, Sant Longowal Institute of Engineering and Technology, Longowal, Sangrur, Punjab, India.
Manuscript received on 29 August 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on 09 September 2019. | Manuscript published on 30 September 2019. | PP: 500-505 | Volume-8 Issue-11, September 2019. | Retrieval Number: K14180981119/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.K1418.0981119
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Abstract: A dual band low profile fractal antenna is proposed for Maritime Radio Navigation Services (MRNS). Minkowski fractal geometry is used on both the vertical boundaries of basic patch structure and by adjusting the fractal dimension desired operating frequency is achieved. The effect of antenna dimensions on the bandwidth is determined through the parametric analysis. Proposed antenna operates at 3 GHz and 9.4 GHz with a gain of 6.3 dB and 2.5 dB respectively. Furthermore, the resonating and radiation properties of the proposed antenna are measured experimentally. Measured results of the proposed antenna are highly convincing and in good agreement with simulated results.
Keywords: Minkowski Fractal, Bandwidth, Multiband, Maritime Radio Navigation, Gain.
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